The Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. Instead they now formed a new nation—the United States of America. John Adams was a leader in pushing for independence, which was unanimously approved on July 2. Acommittee had already drafted the formal declaration, to be ready when congress voted on independence.
Reasons for American Revolution:
The colonists had to pay taxes to the British who needed them to support their army defending British colonies against the French,
Spanish and Native Americans. This led to general discontent of the colonists and aroused their desire for independence. All the colonists wanted was for British not to be in control so the colonist held a town meeting refusing/resigning to buy any imported goods soon the revolutionary war began and they fought over laws, taxes, the tea act, and independence.
The British passed the so called Navigational Acts that said that the colonists should trade only with Britain. Sugar Act making colonists pay tax on sugar and Stamp Act putting tax on newspapers and official documents (later removed). The 13 colonies wanted to decide on their tax matters and not as it was the Parliament (a famous slogan: no taxation without representation). The Townshend Act taxed only imported goods. On the 5 March 1770 there was a riot in Boston during which British soldiers shot dead five five people’s incident known as Boston Massacre. Another incident, also in Boston–Boston Tea Party–throwing out the tea brought by British ships into the harbor after passing the Tea Act giving a British company the right to sell tea to the colonists.
In 1773 the Tea Act was passed. The Tea Act not only put a three penny per pound tax on tea but it also gave the British East India Company a near monopoly because it allowed the company to sell directly to the colonial agents avoiding any middlemen. In Boston the colonists held a town meeting to try to get their Tea Agents to resign. The Tea Agents would not resign anda few months later angered Bostonians dressed as Indians boarded three tea ships and dumped it all into Boston Harbor. This was also a leading cause in the war for independence because the colonists first acted out against the Crown. This infuriated the crown because one of its biggest money makers were going down hill and this was the only source of income.
1- Taxation with out representation
2- Freedom from religious oppression
4- Individual rights
5- Individual liberty
6- The right to own property.
7- Sepreation from a totalitarian state.
8- General enlightenment that men are rational beings and basically good, especially with out big government butting into their lives.
9- The philosophy that men are created equal and that royalty is an evil lie. God had not appointed royalty to rule because they are not special they are just rich by forcing others to pay them. In other words, all men are equal to royalty and each other